According to a new global survey by Ipsos conducted in 25 countries, at least 3 in 5 Indians (63%) favour legalization of Abortion in India. While 1 in 4 (24%) were not in favour of legalisation of abortion.
Amit Adarkar, CEO, Ipsos India, said, “Abortion in India is still a criminal offence under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). But the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act of 1971 which was further amended in January 2020, allows women to abort under certain circumstances.
“It empowers women about their rights. The survey too endorses these rights of women.
“Though 1 in 4 urban Indians oppose it. It’s not that they do not want these rights, but it is more to avoid misuse for female infanticide,” Adarkar said.
Interestingly, at least 7 in 10 global citizens favour legalization of Abortion. The global survey shows some countries have highly favourable views towards abortion, as it gives women the right to choose, whether to keep the baby or not.
The countries with most progressive views on abortion were Sweden (88%), Belgium (84%), France (84%), Great Britain (83%), Spain (83%) and Netherlands; and the nations with most conservative abortion views were Malaysia (24%) and Peru (48%).
Women’s right to have an abortion is most widely accepted in Europe, with 80% saying it should be permitted. Sweden tops the ranking with an 88% acceptance rate, followed by Belgium (87%), France (84%), and Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Spain (83% in all three countries). Outside of Europe, abortion is most widely accepted in South Korea (79%), Australia (78%) and Canada (77%).
Latin America shows lower acceptance rates with 62% of adults surveyed across the region saying abortion should be permitted. Only 26% of respondents across five Latin American countries agree a woman may have an abortion whenever she wants, while 36% accept that it may happen under certain circumstances, such as rape.
Overall acceptance of abortion in the region ranges from just 48% in Peru and 53% in Brazil to 72% in Argentina – the only Latin American country surveyed where acceptance is above the global average.
Among all 25 countries in the survey, Malaysia is the one where abortion is least accepted. Only 24% of Malaysians polled say it should be permitted either whenever a woman wants it or in certain circumstances such as a rape.
Total % SHOULD be permitted
Malaysia shows the largest proportion of survey respondents saying abortion “should not be permitted, except when the life of the mother is in danger” (48% vs. a global average of 12%).
Women in general and adults with a higher education show higher acceptance, particularly in saying abortion is a woman’s decision.